A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the - download pdf or read online

By Anthony H. Cordesman

ISBN-10: 0275969363

ISBN-13: 9780275969363

ISBN-10: 0387946365

ISBN-13: 9780387946368

The Maghreb--Morocco, Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia--is a sector overburdened by means of pointless army costs. regardless of chronic civil conflicts and militarized regimes in a couple of international locations within the zone, there are literally few real exterior threats, and the defense force are actually mostly used to take care of inner security.

A specified country-by-country evaluate of the effectiveness of army forces, and their effect on nearby economics, exhibits that the sector is still a mosaic of conflicting nationwide goals, yet strategic goals were supplanted by means of inner conflicts, tensions, and politics. Declining army budgets are resulting in declining army energy and potential, yet they belie the Maghreb's power for armed clash and human ache. although the Maghreb is a provider of oil and ordinary gasoline, which typically guarantees the eye of the West, this tragedy of fingers will get little realization from the skin international. which means the customers for the zone are persevered wasteful army spending, and the consequent damage to nationwide fiscal and political health.

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Extra resources for A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb

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Cordesman, CIA World Factbook, various editions and IISS, Military Balance, various editions. 11 North African Military Expenditures and Arms Imports Dropped Sharply Relative to Economic Growth and Government Spending During 1984–1994 (1984 = 100, and all following years are percentages of 1984 as base year. ) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 Gross National Product 100 106 101 101 98 101 109 113 114 111 117 Per Capita Income 100 103 95 93 88 87 93 94 93 88 91 Military Expenditures 100 87 81 64 66 66 60 48 54 44 46 Arms Imports 100 77 60 52 57 50 24 16 5 3 7 Active Military Manpower 100 104 111 112 100 100 99 99 102 102 98 Central Government Expenditures 100 100 96 92 89 89 84 87 89 99 103 Source: Adapted by Anthony H.

Since that time, Algeria has been engaged in a confusing, bloody internal conflict between the military government and Islamic extremists. Morocco’s war with the Polisario now ties down its military, and has led to significant economic strains. A civil regime has taken over power from Bourguiba in Tunisia, but the incompetence and profiteering of the civil authorities may lay the groundwork for an eventual military or radical Islamic takeover. Qadhafi has reportedly purged the Libyan military, but it is virtually the only body that could replace him.

Algeria has 107,000 men in its army and 10,000 men in its air force, Libya has 45,000 men in its army and 22,000 in its air force, and Tunisia has 27,000 and 3,500, respectively. Algeria and Morocco each claim to have 150,000 reserves, and Libya claims to have 40,000. Most of these reserves, however, have extremely poor training and equipment and have very little war-fighting capability, and the numbers claimed grossly exaggerate what each nation can actually call up in any combat effective manner.

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A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb by Anthony H. Cordesman

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